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The beauty and aroma pioneer is second only to a rose garden. These are one of the most beautiful flowers in the garden, so they are very popular among gardeners.
Peonies are favorite garden flowers, and this is not surprising. Lush and bright flowering usually lasts two to three weeks, but in different varieties occurs at different times. Therefore, the flowering of a well-selected collection can last up to three months. Starting from the first days of May and ending with the last decade of July, your garden will be filled with bright colors and a wonderful aroma.
In this flower garden, a large collection of grassy peonies is organized on the lawn in the form of concentric semicircles. In winter, the leaves of these flowers die off completely and are subject to pruning, so the plants winter well under the snow. The only thing they don’t like is seasonal soaking and fresh organics. Both that and another can lead to death of a flower.
These garden flowers vary in color, size and shape of the flower, can be simple and terry. They have a rich spectrum of aromas, most strongly pronounced and unusually pleasant. The leaves of these flowers are openwork, ornamental, decorative already in early spring: even in an empty garden, before flowering, they stand out with reddish and purple hues. Their attractiveness persists in the summer, after flowering - trimmed bushes perfectly keep their shape. And in the fall, with the onset of cold weather, the sheets of peonies again acquire reddish, bronze and purple hues.
Recently, tree peonies have deservedly been a favorite. The conditions for their cultivation are somewhat different from keeping grass species in the garden. The collection of tree-shaped peonies must be placed in areas slightly shaded at noon and well protected from the wind, as their winter hardiness and overall stability in the blown places are noticeably reduced. From these flowers, arabesques are still well obtained.
It is believed that with proper agricultural technology and subsequent care, peonies can grow in one place for more than 20 years, while each year endowing a summer cottage with its magnificent flowering. This gives us an incentive to create good conditions for flowers and provide them with decent care.
Pionaria can be located on almost any soil, but gives greater preference to loam, clean and cultivated. Only marshy and too moist soils cannot tolerate plants. Pay attention to the groundwater level, which should be at least 50-70 cm from the soil surface. If the GWP is closer, then peonies can be planted on artificial beds of a higher height, or special drainage ditches can be arranged around the pionaria. Ignoring such facts and actions leads to decay of the root system and death of plants.
The location of the flower garden
Experts recommend planting peonies in sunny places, since these plants are very photophilous, but it is also possible to grow in partial shade. Be careful when choosing a place, as the amount of sun regulates flowering and its abundance.
It is advisable to determine the place for planting peonies a few meters from trees or shrubs, since they need complete freedom, but the lack of moisture or nutrients, due to the development of a number of other large plants, can affect growth and flowering. Also, the pionary should be well protected from winds and sharp drafts.
How to grow peonies
Preparation for landing
The scheme for planting peonies is very simple, and the works themselves will not take away much time and effort, but careful preparation should be carried out before planting a pionaria, since the growth of the plant, its development, flowering and life expectancy depend on it.
So, first of all, we prepare the pits for landing. This should be done a month and a half before landing, so that the earth inside is well settled. Pits are dug at a distance of 80-100 cm from each other, 60-70 cm deep, 55-70 cm in diameter. The correct planting pattern will help not only the plants themselves in development, but also the owner of the pionaria in caring for the flowers.
Now that the pits are ready, you need to add a special mixture to them - compost, peat and rotted manure with admixtures of 150 g of potassium sulfate, 350 g of bone meal and 170-200 g of superphosphate, if clay soils, you can add 140-170 g of slaked lime ( shredded). All such a composition is mixed with the upper layer of the earth, removed in advance, and rammed. As a result, you should get about half the pit of the nutrient mixture, which will serve as a supply of the right amount of nutrients for the future.
The best time for planting is considered to be the period from mid-August to the end of September. If you plant peonies at a given time, then in the winter colds the plant will have time to take root and develop the root system, and this is very important.
Next, the prepared planting material is planted in pits dug in accordance with the scheme in advance, and the planting depth is regulated. It is required to place the planting material in the soil so that the regeneration buds go into the soil no more than 3-4 cm, provided that they are grown on loam, and no more than 5-6 cm on sandstones.
When planting, it is not necessary to ram the soil around the new bush, so as not to break the young roots, and also, not to change the deepening of the bush into the soil, which may affect its development and flowering in the future.
If the pits and the soil in them were prepared correctly before planting, then the first two years your pionary does not need additional fertilizing and can perfectly develop due to fertilizers applied in advance. What is most needed during this period is timely loosening of the soil, watering and weeding.
Loosening is carried out very carefully so as not to damage the bush. The depth of cultivation is not more than 5-7 cm, the distance from the bush is 20 cm, the total loosening strip in diameter is about 15 cm. It is advisable to cultivate cultivation after watering or rain, this will eliminate the formation of crust and create an aerated mulch layer around the plant.
Timely and systematic watering, about once a week, of 25-40 liters of water for each adult bush is also important. Watering is especially important in early summer, during the period of active plant growth and budding.
Carefully monitor the drying of the soil around the bushes during the summer heat, due to the high evaporation of moisture, additional watering may be necessary. If watering occurs in the grooves, you can apply the same time scheme, if watering from a watering can, then it is also possible daily.
Try and remove weeds in the pionaria in time, which positively affects not only the appearance of the plants, but also their development.
Top dressing is carried out already in the third year after planting, when the plants begin to bloom actively. In total, three dressings per season are carried out.
- First feeding - nitrogen-potassium, in early spring, possibly immediately after the snow melts. Around the bush, 10-15 g of nitrogen and 10-15 g of potassium are scattered. Fertilizer should be poured only on the soil, avoiding contact with the bush.
- Second feeding - nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus. It is carried out during the budding period to improve the quality of flowering. The amount of nitrogen-potassium-phosphorus fertilizer fertilizers is 10 g, 12 g and 15 g, respectively.
- Third feeding held 12-15 days after flowering, it is necessary to stimulate the formation of large buds of renewal, which will provide good growth and flowering for the next year. Potassium-phosphorus fertilizer, 12 g and 20 g of fertilizer, respectively.
Video about planting and growing peonies on the site
Cultivation is possible in several ways, but most often we use the simplest and most common - division.
First of all, the adult bush of a white peony is cut off so that it can be dug up. The trunk with the stems is tied and, carefully dug up so as not to damage the roots and buds, they are removed from the hole. Further, the root system is washed by a weak stream of water from a hose, so that it is easier for you to deal with division.
Now, with the help of a wooden stake and a hammer, the bush is divided in two, then, each part is still in two, and already with garden shears into full planting material. A qualitative delenka is formed, without old or spoiled roots, about 30 cm long, with 1-2 good roots and several buds.
Delens of the red peony are placed in the prepared landing holes, after sprinkling with earth, the upper kidney should be several centimeters under its layer.
After planting, it is not necessary to ram the earth around; it is important to water abundantly the peony seedling and mulch the soil around the future bush with peat or humus.
Varieties of peonies
Grassy and tree-like peonies are many varieties, not to mention the fact that this number grows significantly each year. We decided to tell you some of them so that you know exactly what to build on when laying a pionaria or breeding a culture on your own site.
So, the most popular, by far, can rightly be considered: Altai News, Maxim Festival, Cruiser Aurora, Corina Versan, Yellow Peony, Pink Peony, Sarah Bernhardt, Pink Reidians, Mercedes, Albert Cruz, Mont Blanc, Longfellow, Eugene Vardieu, Philippe Revoir, Clemenceau, Ansantress, Narrow-leaved Peony and many other varieties that are not only in demand among gardeners, but will also qualitatively complement any garden.
White peonies in the country
Experts advise taking these flowers very seriously and giving them enough time, because only following the rules of agricultural technology and providing white peonies with proper care, you can achieve not only the correct bushiness of the plant, but also a beautiful, long flowering.
So, the recommendations of specialists for growing white peonies:
- Flowers should be planted in partial shade or even in a sunny place, since they require at least 4-6 hours a day in direct sunlight;
- When planting in the ground, make sure that the root system is not too deep, as this is incorrect. If the roots of the plant go far into the ground, then flowering can be short-term, painful, as well, this will negatively affect the development of the plant as a whole;
- Be sure to provide white peonies with a systematic and proper care. Beautiful and majestic plants prefer timely watering, loosening the soil and proper top dressing, which favorably affect the internal biorhythms of the plant and its appearance, in particular, flowering of the bush;
- When the flowers reach the age of 7-10 years, they need to be planted, or just renew the bush. The plant is dug up and carefully divided into several strong parts, leaving only 3-4 roots, no more than 15 cm long;
- Try to monitor not only the flowering and development of peonies, but also the quality of the flowers. It will improve, and, accordingly, improve the appearance of the bush, if you remove faded and dried buds in time;
- During the flowering period, carefully consider the bud ovaries. Only one, the largest and strongest bud should be left on the peduncle. In this case, he will have enough juice and vitality to show a beautiful flower. The rest, buds of small size and strength, will only interfere with its development, and without showing any special results.
This short list of tips from experienced summer residents will help you not only grow white peonies on your own site, but also, over time, create a whole pionaria that will delight you with abundant flowering and pleasant aromas for many years.