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Shavit is a systemic contact fungicide that not only protects against damage, but also successfully treats many fungal diseases of grapes, fruit and berry and vegetable crops. The manufacturer of the product is the Israeli company "Adama". The widespread popularity of the drug is due to its fast action, ease of use and affordable price. But the instructions for the use of the fungicide Shavit says that this product, if used improperly, can be harmful to health, therefore, all safety measures must be observed.
Fungicide Shavit should be used with caution.
Description of the drug Shavit
This fungicide has a double action, that is, it is active when it hits the surface of the leaves, and also penetrates the tissues and spreads throughout the plant. This allows you to achieve maximum processing results.
Fungicide Shavit belongs to the category of modern two-component agents, which explains its high efficiency. Due to this, the drug can be used not only for the prevention of diseases, but also at the first signs of damage.
The active ingredients of the drug Shavit:
- follet - an element belonging to the phthalimide class, blocks the division of pathogen cells and prevents their further spread, the concentration in the agent is 70%;
- triadimenol - a chemical component from the category of triazoles, promotes the destruction of the membranes of germinated fungi and spores, the mass fraction of the substance in the product reaches 2%.
Fungicide Shavit is produced in the form of a water-soluble powder. The product is packaged in large laminated bags weighing 1 and 5 kg, which is ideal for large farms. Also on the market you can find this product in small packaging of 8 and 15 g, which allows you to use the fungicide for treating crops in your personal plot.
Indications for use
Shavit is effective against a whole range of fungal diseases. In this case, the fungicide not only suppresses the activity of pathogens and destroys them, but also prevents the reappearance of the site. This feature allows you to reduce the number of required treatments during the season and increases crop yields.
According to the instructions for use, the drug Shavit is effective for the treatment of grapes, tomatoes, potatoes, stone fruit trees, fruit bushes, roses.
This fungicide justifies its use for such lesions:
- gray rot;
- black spot;
- late blight;
- powdery mildew;
- fruit rot;
In addition to treatment, the drug has an immunomodulatory effect, which increases the resistance of plants to adverse climatic conditions and the effects of pests.
Important! Fungicide Shavit has a detrimental effect on all known types of mushrooms.
Analogs of fungicide Shavit
If necessary, the drug Shavit can be replaced by other means. However, in terms of efficiency, they are significantly inferior to him, since they mainly have a directional effect.
Shavit fungicide analogs:
- Strobe. The drug is produced by the German company "Basf Agro". The active substance is kresoxim-methyl, the inhibitory effect of which blocks the proliferation of spores and prevents the further spread of the disease. This fungicide is effective even in humid conditions.
- Delan. A universal preparation of contact action from the German company "Basf", which, when processed, creates a protective layer on the surface of the plant that suppresses the growth of spores. The active substance - dithianon, acts simultaneously on most of the enzymes of the fungus, which excludes the emergence of resistance.
- Speed Contact-systemic preparation of the Swiss company "Syngenta". The active substance is difenoconazole, which belongs to the class of triazoles. It penetrates the tissues and spreads throughout the plant 2 hours after treatment. This remedy is not effective in spore formation on the plant.
- Topaz. Swiss drug from the Syngenta company. It has a systemic and curative effect. The greatest efficiency can be achieved when processing is carried out at the beginning of the growing season to suppress the primary infection of powdery mildew. The active ingredient is penconazole. The protective effect of the drug lasts for 2 weeks.
Instructions for the use of Shavita
You can use this fungicide only according to the instructions for use. It is also unacceptable to exceed the indicated dosage of the agent and ignore the waiting time before harvesting. Only in this case, the drug will effectively treat plants, and will not harm human health and the environment.
Preparation of the solution
To prepare the working fluid, you need to prepare a plastic container. Pour the required amount of the product into it and fill it with plain water. Then stir the liquid until the powder is completely dissolved. The permissible dose of Shavit fungicide per 10 liters of water is 40 g.
Important! It is necessary to use the working solution of Shavita immediately after preparation, as it cannot be stored for a long time.
It is necessary to spray the culture with fungicide in dry, calm weather. No more than 3-4 treatments with this preparation are allowed during one season. The first of them should be carried out before flowering, and all subsequent ones, when signs of fungal infection appear, with an interval of 2-3 weeks.
There are also some features of the use of this fungicide for different crops, so you should familiarize yourself with them in advance.
Spraying can be carried out only after complete dissolution of the product.
For vegetable crops
Fungicide Shavit is recommended to be used to protect tomatoes and potatoes from late blight and Alternaria, as well as for cucumbers - from peronosporosis and powdery mildew. To do this, dissolve 15 g of the product in 8 liters of water. The first spraying of the bushes should be carried out at the stage of active vegetation before flowering. In the future, the drug should be used at the first signs of damage, but not earlier than 2 weeks after the previous treatment. The waiting period before harvest is 20 days. Consumption rate 80-100 ml per 1 sq. m.
For fruit and berry crops
The fungicide Shavit effectively helps to fight fungal diseases of garden roses, gooseberries, currants, apple trees, pears. To do this, dissolve 40 g of the product in 1 bucket of water. Spray shrubs and trees at the first sign of mycosis and then repeat every 2 weeks.
The number of permissible treatments during the season is no more than 4. The rate of consumption of the working fluid is 80-100 ml per 1 sq. m. The waiting period before harvest is 30 days.
How to process grapes with Shavit
Also, this fungicide is recommended for the prevention and treatment of grape diseases. In this case, 40 g of the drug Shavit should be diluted with 10 liters of water immediately before the treatment. This working solution helps prevent and treat diseases such as mildew, powdery mildew, gray mold, black spot, anthracnose.
The first spraying of grape bushes with fungicide should be carried out before flowering, and later when the first signs of damage appear. Number of treatments during the season - no more than 3. Waiting period before harvesting - 30 days. The consumption rate of the working fluid is 80-100 ml per 1 sq. According to reviews, the use of the fungicide Shavit for grapes allows you to preserve and increase the harvest.
Compatibility with other drugs
Fungicide Shavit is compatible with many pesticides in one tank mix. Before mixing the products, it is necessary to carefully study the composition and conduct a compatibility test.
To do this, you need to mix a small amount of working solutions of these drugs and wait for the reaction. If as a result no sediment has formed, then these funds can be used simultaneously.
Important! Shavit should not be mixed with drugs that have an alkaline reaction and those that contain mineral oils.
The combination of the fungicide Shavit with other products helps to reduce the number of treatments
Pros and cons of using
This fungicide, like others, has its own advantages and disadvantages. Before use, you need to familiarize yourself with them in advance.
- has a quick effect;
- does not cause resistance;
- effective against a whole range of diseases;
- has a double effect;
- suitable for prevention and treatment;
- can be used for many crops;
- easy to use;
- increases plant resistance to adverse factors.
- toxic to bees and aquatic organisms, which limits its use;
- requires compliance with safety rules during processing.
When using the fungicide Shavit, standard safety rules must be followed. Processing should be carried out in special clothing, and you must not drink, smoke, or eat at this time. If the working solution gets on the mucous membrane of the eyes and skin, immediately rinse the area with water.
In case of signs of malaise and poisoning, the work must be stopped. Then take several tablets of activated carbon at the rate of 1 pc. by 10 kg of body weight, and increase the amount of water consumed.
Fungicide Shavit is toxic to aquatic fauna, so it should not be used near water bodies, ponds, rivers and fish farms. It also poses a danger to bees, therefore, at the time of treatment and during the next day, it is necessary to limit the years of honey insects.
The instructions for use of the fungicide Shavit contain all the necessary information on how to properly use this drug. Therefore, when buying this product, you should only strictly adhere to the indicated dosage and processing time. This will not only protect crops from most fungal diseases, but also not harm health, as well as the environment.
Igor Smirnov, 51 years old, Rylsk.
I grow on my site about 10 different varieties of grapes, as well as apple and pear. Therefore, I constantly process shrubs and trees from fungal diseases. I have been using the fungicide Shavit for about 3 years and I am very pleased with the result. In the first year, I spent 3 treatments with the drug, and in the last 2 I only use it before flowering as a prophylaxis. Plants look healthy and vigorous, and yields are great. Therefore, I recommend everyone to use Shavit.
Irina Smolikova, 45 years old, Bryansk.
I grow many different crops on my site, so the issue of treatment for fungal diseases is relevant for every season. For the last 2 years, I have been using the fungicide Shavit as a protective agent against pathogens. I use it for fruit trees, shrubs, garden roses and grapes. The result was noticeable almost immediately. The crops have changed significantly, the growth and fruit set have increased, and, accordingly, the harvest. In the first year, I carried out 3 treatments, and in the second I used it only once as a prophylaxis.