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The Gypsy tomato is a medium-ripening variety that has a dark chocolate color. The fruits taste good and have a salad purpose.
Features of the variety
Characteristics and description of the Gypsy tomato variety:
- average ripening times;
- 95-110 days pass from germination to harvest;
- bush height from 0.9 to 1.2 m;
- the first bud appears above the 9th leaf, the subsequent ones after 2-3 leaves.
Features of the fruits of the Gypsy variety:
- rounded shape;
- weight from 100 to 180 g;
- pinkish chocolate color;
- fragile skin;
- juicy and fleshy pulp;
- sweet taste with a slight sourness.
Gypsy fruits are added to appetizers, salads, hot and main dishes. Juices, purees and sauces are obtained from tomatoes. Fruits have a limited shelf life and can be transported over short distances. Gypsy tomatoes are distinguished by a high content of dry substances, vitamins and microelements.
Gypsy tomatoes are grown in seedlings. At home, planting seeds. The resulting seedlings are provided with the necessary conditions: temperature, soil moisture, lighting.
Gypsy tomato seeds are planted in mid-March or early April. An equal amount of fertile land and humus is taken for planting. You can use peat tablets or seedling soil sold at gardening stores.
Before planting, the soil is calcined in an oven or microwave oven for disinfection. The processing time is 20 minutes. Another option for disinfection is watering the soil with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Advice! To improve germination, seeds of Gypsy tomatoes are placed in warm water for a day.
If the seeds have a colored shell, then they are ready for planting without additional treatments. The manufacturer covered such a planting material with a nutrient mixture. When sprouting, tomatoes will receive the nutrients necessary for their development.
Planting containers with a height of 12-15 cm are filled with soil. When using separate cups, tomatoes do not need a pick. If the seeds are placed in large containers, then the plants will have to be planted in the future.
Gypsy tomato seeds are deepened by 0.5 cm and watered. Cover the top of the container with a film and transfer it to a dark place. Seed germination occurs at a temperature of 20-25 ° C for 7-10 days.
After germination, the Gypsy tomatoes are rearranged on the windowsill. For the active development of tomato seedlings, certain conditions are necessary:
- daytime temperature 18-24 ° С;
- night temperature 14-16 ° С;
- bright diffused light for half a day;
- regular ventilation;
- watering every 3 days.
If necessary, Gypsy tomatoes are provided with artificial lighting. Phytolamps are installed above the seedlings and turned on when there is a lack of daylight.
Tomatoes are watered by spraying with warm, settled water. When 2 leaves appear, the tomatoes are seated in separate containers with a capacity of 0.5 liters or more.
A couple of weeks before disembarking at a permanent place, they begin to harden the Gypsy tomatoes. Watering is gradually reduced, and the seedlings are left for 2 hours a day in direct sunlight. This period is increased so that the plants get used to natural conditions.
Landing in the ground
Gypsy tomatoes are recommended for growing indoors. In the fall, they prepare a place for planting tomatoes. About 12 cm of soil in the greenhouse is replaced, since insects and pathogens of fungal diseases winter in it.
Tomatoes prefer light, fertile soil that allows moisture and air to pass through well. In autumn, the soil in the greenhouse is dug up and fertilized with 5 kg of humus, 15 g of double superphosphate and 30 g of potassium salt per 1 sq. m.
The best precursors for tomatoes are legumes, cabbage, carrots, onions, green manure. After any varieties of tomatoes, peppers, eggplants and potatoes, planting is not performed.
Advice! Tomatoes are transferred to the greenhouse 2 months after germination. The length of the plants is 30 cm, the number of leaves is from 6.
According to the characteristics and description, the Gypsy tomato variety is tall, so the plants are planted in 50 cm increments.When organizing several rows with tomatoes, an interval of 70 cm is made. The seedlings are moved into the prepared holes along with an earthen clod and the roots are covered with earth. Be sure to water the plants abundantly.
Constant care of Gypsy tomatoes ensures a high yield of the variety. Tomatoes are watered, fed with minerals and organics. Be sure to form and tie up a bush. Additional processing is required to protect plants from diseases and pests.
Gypsy tomatoes are watered taking into account the weather conditions and their stage of growth. For irrigation, use warm water, settled in barrels. Moisture is applied in the morning or in the evening strictly under the root of the plants.
Watering scheme for Gypsy tomatoes:
- before inflorescences appear - weekly with 5 liters of water under the bushes;
- during flowering - after 4 days using 3 liters of water;
- when fruiting - every week 4 liters of water.
Excess moisture provokes the spread of fungal diseases. After watering, the greenhouse or greenhouse is ventilated. It is especially important to ration watering during fruiting to prevent the tomatoes from cracking.
The intake of nutrients is necessary for Gypsy tomatoes for full development. Top dressing involves the use of organic and mineral substances.
For the first processing of tomatoes, 0.5 liters of liquid mullein is required, which is diluted in 10 liters of water. The solution is applied under the root in the amount of 1 liter per bush.
The next treatment is carried out after 2 weeks. When forming ovaries, plants require phosphorus and potassium. Tomatoes will receive the necessary substances from a solution consisting of 30 g of superphosphate and 20 g of potassium sulfate per 10 liters of water.
Important! Instead of watering, spraying tomatoes on the leaf is allowed. The concentration of substances in the solution decreases. Dissolve in water 10 g of phosphorus and potassium fertilizers.
Wood ash is an alternative to minerals. It can be applied directly to the soil or added to the water a day before watering.
Gypsy tomatoes form into 2 or 3 stems. Excess shoots growing from the leaf axils are removed manually. Then the plant will direct its forces to fruit formation.
Tomato bushes Gypsies are tied to a support. For this, metal rods, wooden slats, thin pipes are dug in next to the plants. This ensures the formation of an even stem. Additionally, you need to tie up the brushes with fruits.
Protection against diseases and pests
According to reviews, the Gypsy tomato is resistant to diseases. Disease prevention is the ventilation of the greenhouse, proper watering and the elimination of excess shoots.
When signs of disease appear, the affected parts of the plants are removed. Landings are treated with Fundazol or Zaslon preparations.
Insecticides Thunder, Bazudin, Medvetoks, Fitoverm are used against pests in the garden. Tobacco dust is an effective folk remedy for insects. It is sprayed on the soil and tops of tomatoes. Strong odors remaining after treatment of plants with a solution of ammonia scare away pests.
Vasily, 38 years old, Moscow
I chose, according to numerous reviews, photos and yield, a Gypsy tomato for planting on my site. I bought seeds in a garden store. I start planting in March, already in May the seedlings are strong and tall. About 95% of the seeds emerged from one package. Tomatoes have grown to 1.2 m. Fruits are round with smooth skin. The pulp is juicy and fleshy. We use the fruits of the Gypsy variety in salads and for making juice.
Lyudmila, 59 years old, Khabarovsk
I grow more than ten varieties of tomatoes at my dacha. Some of the fruits are used for home harvesting, the rest for sale. After reading the positive reviews, I planted a Gypsy tomato. The seeds have good germination, the seedlings develop quickly and do not get sick. For planting seeds in the fall, I prepare light fertile soil. The variety bears large brown-brown fruits, they are fleshy and sweet in taste. Bushes be sure to stepchild and tie up. Gypsy tomatoes for salad purposes, although lecho and juice from them are very tasty.
Svetlana, 28 years old, Orel
Every year I buy new varieties of tomatoes for planting from my parents. Last year, I became interested in Gypsy tomatoes from photos, reviews and yield. The seedlings have sprung up together, with watering and good daylight, they develop normally. The bushes have grown up to 2 m, so you definitely need to tie them up. The variety was not sick, the yield was high even in rainy and cool summers. The fruits are sweet and tasty, I will definitely repeat the planting next year.
Gypsy tomatoes are suitable for fresh consumption or further processing. The variety gives a high yield with regular watering and feeding. Gypsy tomatoes are grown under film shelters, where the necessary temperature and humidity conditions are provided.