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The determinant of mushrooms allows you to collect edible species in the suburbs, as well as help familiarize yourself with the main, most common varieties.
Where mushrooms are growing in the Moscow region: map of mushroom places
Edible species of mushrooms in the Moscow region are very numerous, and the timing of their fruiting varies greatly depending on soil and weather conditions in the collection area. The most popular among connoisseurs of "silent" hunting and the most mushroom places include:
- mixed forest planting around Zolotilovo in the territory of Sergiev Posad district. It is in the north of the Moscow Region that a large number of honey agarics, real foxes and white ones grow;
- forest plantings around Rumyantsevo on the territory of the Istra district, where whites, pigs and chernushka, as well as honey mushrooms and mushrooms, abundantly bear fruit;
- Hlyupinskoye forestry, as well as the villages of Uspenskoye, Skorotovo and Nazarievo in the Odintsovo district, where an abundance of ceps and honey mushrooms appears annually;
- forest plantings around Kolodkino on the territory of the Kolomna district, where the forests are rich in porcini mushrooms and birch bark, oils, felts, grassworms, real and black breasts, white loaf, morel, russula, chanterelle mushrooms, oyster mushrooms, summer and autumn open-air mushrooms;
Where porcini mushrooms grow in the suburbs
- Belomutsky forest zone on the territory of the Lukhovitsky region, where from early spring until the onset of a noticeable autumn cooling, the varieties represented by mushrooms, silver ear, greenfinches, honey agarics and birch bark fruit;
- forest plantings around Ozeretsky on the territory of the Dmitrovsky district, where you can annually collect a very good harvest of boletus, chanterelles and butter;
- pl. Firsanovka of the Solnechnogorsk region, where the first mushrooms appear in large numbers, as well as abundant fruiting of brown boletus, porcini mushrooms, saffron mushrooms and autumn mushrooms;
- forest plantings around Melikhovo on the territory of the Chekhov region are distinguished by an abundance of white, brown boletus, honey agarics and aspen mushrooms;
- forest plantations near the village of Aksakovo, Mytishchi urban district, where in the spring early morels, brown boletus and boletus as well as chanterelles and white ones begin to appear;
- the village of Vorgash, Taldom region, where porcini mushroom, boletus and cap boletus, honey mushrooms, various mushrooms and chanterelles abundantly bear fruit in the forests.
- The Yegoryevsky, Shatursky and Domodedovo district, as well as the tract "Prokudin Bor", the villages of Denkovo and Parfenki of Istra district are very rich in mushrooms.
When does the mushroom picking season begin in the Moscow Region
In the conditions of warm and early spring, especially in the south, as soon as the snow has melted, one can often observe that there are lines and morels, followed by the May mushroom and oyster mushroom.
If in the last ten days of May or in the first days of June, boletus boletus appeared in the forest, then you can wait for the harvest of an oiler of grain and summer mushrooms, real chanterelles, porcini mushrooms and boletus. In the east in the summer you can harvest fruiting bodies of such varieties as deer, raincoats, forest mushrooms, different types of mushrooms and podgruzki. The last decade of summer and September are rich in whites and mosses, grainy oils and different types of camelina.
Description of edible mushrooms near Moscow
Edible varieties of mushrooms in the Moscow region are presented in a wide variety, so mushroom pickers may well collect a rich harvest.
Spring varieties appear after the soil warms up well enough and the main snow mass disappears. The main edible species include oyster mushroom, govorushka, morels and raincoats, as well as tree mushrooms.
The line is ordinary
G. esculenta - has an irregular shape, curvy hat with a smooth or wrinkled upper part, brownish or dark brown shades. The leg area is flat and hollow inside, with a narrowing at the base, light in color, with a pinkish tinge. A flesh of a waxy type, brittle, with a fruity aroma and pleasant taste.
L. pyriforme - has a fruit back-pear-shaped or practically spherical-shaped fruit body with pronounced white filamentous mycelial strands. The pulp is white, olive and grayish-brownish, with a strong characteristic aroma.
Beginning in the first ten days of June, the period of fruiting of mushrooms of the highest or first category begins, including butterdish, boletus and boletus, honey mushroom, chanterelle and cep, as well as the flywheel.
S. luteus - has a hemispherical, round-convex, flat-convex or pillow-shaped, almost flat-shaped hat. The surface can be smooth, slightly mucous, brown, dark brown and chocolate brown, reddish brown and reddish brown, tan and tan, grayish brown or brownish olive in color. The skin is easily detachable from the pulp, radially fibrous, mucous. The pulp is soft and juicy. The leg area is cylindrical, continuous type, with longitudinal fibrillation, whitish in color or with a yellow tint.
L.аurаntiсum - possesses a hemispherical and pillow-convex hat, covered with red, orange or brown-red skin with a smooth or slightly velvety surface. The pulp is fleshy type, dense and elastic, with a mild mushroom aroma and taste. The leg is continuous, often with an extension in the lower part, of a grayish-white color, covered with flakes of longitudinal-fibrous type.
X.subtomentosus - possesses a cushion-convex, velvety, grayish-brown or olive-brown hat and a white, sometimes flesh-bluish cut. Tubular gimenophore of the grown type, yellowish or olive-yellow staining, slightly bluish when pressed, with large, angular pores. The leg area is a cylindrical or tapering base of the form, with a smooth, fibrous surface covered with a dark brown mesh pattern.
B.еdulis - characterized by a convex, flat-convex, sometimes outstretched cap with a smooth or wrinkled, crackable surface. The surface peel is rarely fibrous-scaly type, sometimes slightly mucous, on dry days matte or gloss, of different shades of red-brown color, not detachable. The pulp is juicy and fleshy, fibrous, white or yellowish in color, with a soft, mild aroma and a characteristic mushroom taste. The leg is massive, barrel-shaped or club-shaped, whitish or brownish.
What mushrooms grow in the suburbs
Autumn mushrooms near Moscow
In the early autumn period, before the onset of a significant cold snap, the oleagins, cap boletus and boletus, white and green moss fly, and spruce and pine mushrooms, groups of trevushki, valuya and mushrooms continue to bear fruit.
L.nesator - has a flat or wide-funnel-shaped hat, with felt edges wrapped inward and a depressed central part. Peel mucous or slightly sticky, with the presence of weakly expressed, concentric zones, dark olive staining. Dense and brittle flesh of white color, turning gray on a cut, liberally liberating white milky juice with a pungent taste. The area of the leg of the fungus is noticeably narrowed in the lower part, with a smooth and mucous surface of olive color.
L. deliciosus - has a convex, straightened over time, and also acquiring a funnel-shaped hat, with tucked or straight edges and not too pronounced elevation in the central part. The surface is smooth, glossy, sticky, reddish, with the presence of dark red concentric rings and spots. The leg area is smooth, cylindrical, with a narrowing at the base, hollow. The pulp is dense, yellowish-orange in color, acquiring a greenish tint on the slice, with plentiful and thick milky juice.
What poisonous mushrooms grow in the suburbs
Inedible, hallucinogenic and poisonous varieties also quite actively bear fruit in the Moscow region and are often found by lovers of "silent" hunting in the forests near Moscow. Most often, such species are represented:
- luminous bow
- ordinary fun;
- gray float;
- fly agaric white or white;
- fly agaric red;
- motley champignon;
- reversible russula;
All toxic species are characterized by the presence in the pulp of a significant amount of toxins. By type of poisoning, all poisonous mushrooms are divided into three main groups, which cause food poisoning, cause disruption of the nervous system and are deadly poisonous.
It should be noted that some inedible species are not capable of causing poisoning, since many toxic substances are almost completely destroyed by heat treatment. Among the most poisonous, life-threatening species, nowadays is the pale grebe or A. phalloides.
Rules for the collection of mushrooms in the suburbs and Moscow region
In order to carry out the collection of fruiting bodies, it is necessary to prepare a well-ventilated basket, which will allow a long time to keep the collected mushrooms fresh. Putting fruit bodies in a basket is best done with the hats down. Before folding into the basket, you need to cut off the bottom of the leg with a sharp knife.
Mushroom places near Moscow
The best time to collect is the morning hours. Only well-known, edible varieties need to be collected. Fruit bodies secreting a significant amount of milky juice should be collected in a separate basket. You cannot taste unfamiliar mushrooms. It is strictly forbidden to collect overripe, mucus, flabby, wormy and spoiled fruiting bodies. The crop brought home must be carefully inspected, reassembled and rinsed. Processing of fruiting bodies should be carried out as quickly as possible, since the mushrooms stored for a long time can deteriorate.