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The climate of Siberia and the Urals is characterized by a short summer period with a relatively modest temperature regime, but this does not prevent gardeners from growing thermophilic crops such as tomatoes, cucumbers, peppers and others. For a successful harvest, a caring owner not only artificially creates a favorable microclimate for the plant, but also selects special varieties of seeds. So, the article describes the best varieties of pepper for the Urals and Siberia, gives characteristics to their taste and gives agrotechnical features of growing crops in difficult climatic conditions.
Variety selection criteria
Among the wide variety of varieties, it can be quite difficult to navigate and choose the best one for growing in certain conditions. Of course, it's great if the region for which a particular variety was bred is indicated on the package, but even in the absence of such recommendations, you can pick up an excellent pepper. So, for the climate of Siberia and the Urals, it is necessary to choose varieties:
- Stunted. This will allow the plant not to spend a lot of time and effort on the formation of a lush high-growing green mass;
- Early ripening. They will have time to give the maximum harvest in a short summer period;
- Cold resistant. In the presence of weather "surprises", the plant will be able to survive them painlessly. This is especially important for peppers grown outdoors;
- Adapted to specific growing conditions. In the areas under consideration, peppers are often grown in hotbeds and greenhouses, so the plant must be resistant to diseases characteristic of a humid greenhouse microclimate.
If the Siberian region is not indicated on the package when choosing seeds, but the seeds meet the listed criteria, then you can safely give them preference. Below in the article are the varieties that are considered the best for cultivation in these regions.
Sweet varieties for the greenhouse
Bulgarian, sweet pepper varieties are especially revered by gardeners. This is due, first of all, to the fact that in addition to excellent taste, the vegetable has a beneficial effect on the human body, since it contains a complex of vitamins and mineral salts. Growing sweet peppers in your garden is quite simple. The following greenhouse varieties are best suited for cultivation in Siberian and Ural climatic conditions:
A unique hybrid with an ultra-early ripening period: already 60 days after sowing the seed, you can try the first crop. The peppers have an excellent appearance: the color is yellow, bright, glossy, the shape is cuboid with a clear drawing of the edges. The diameter of the vegetable is about 10 cm. One pepper weighs a little more than 140 g. The pulp of the pepper is thick, juicy.
The variety is disease-resistant, the height of its bushes varies from 60 to 80 cm. The hybrid is perfectly adapted to greenhouse conditions. The yield of fruits with proper feeding of the plant is more than 8 kg / m2.
Variety "Venti" produces cream or red fruits, resembling a cone in shape. Their size is small: length is about 12 cm, weight is about 70 g. To ripen the first peppers from the day of sowing, it should take about 100 days. The taste of the vegetable is excellent, the skin is thin. However, the peppers of this variety are not particularly fleshy with a wall less than 5.5 mm thick.
The bush is undersized, an adult plant does not exceed 50 cm.The yield of the variety is 5 kg / m2.
This variety has a lot of fans, thanks to the unpretentiousness of the plant, the compactness of the bush and the amazing taste of the fruit. It is recommended to grow it in protected ground. The height of the bush up to 50 cm allows you not to tie up the plant. It is recommended to sow seeds for seedlings in March, and about 100 days after that it will be possible to evaluate the taste of the pepper. It is worth noting that the culture has protection against many diseases.
Eroshka peppers are light green or red. Their shape is cuboid, with a diameter of just over 10 cm. The average weight of a vegetable is 150 g, its pulp is tender, however, not so fleshy - the thickness of the pepper wall is up to 5 mm. With the help of this variety, it will be possible to harvest more than 7 kg / m2.
A hybrid bearing purple peppers. They differ not only in color and excellent external and taste qualities: the shape of the fruit is cuboid, with a height of up to 15 cm, the skin is thin, tender, the pulp is juicy, fleshy (wall thickness is 8 mm). The average weight of one vegetable varies from 250 to 280 g.
The best time to plant seeds for seedlings is March. The variety has an ultra-early ripening period of 90 days. The plant is of medium height (up to 100 cm), but due to the rapid development of greenery and the formation of fruits, it is excellent for Siberian conditions. It should be noted that the yield of the variety is excellent - up to 14 kg / m2.
The plant is low - up to 60 cm. Excellent for growing in a greenhouse, has protection against diseases. The period from sowing to fruiting is approximately 110 days.
On the bush, peppers are formed at the same time green and red. Their shape is conical, up to 15 cm long. Each pepper weighs about 150 g. The taste of the variety is excellent: the pulp is sweet, juicy. However, the wall of the vegetable is not very thick (up to 4.5 mm). The crop yield is 4.5 kg / m2.
Despite the "warm" name, this variety grows well and bears fruit in harsh climatic conditions. At the same time, the culture is capable of bearing fruit in a volume of up to 14 kg / m2, which makes it widely loved by experienced and novice gardeners. The external qualities of the fruit are excellent, you can appreciate them in the photo below. The bright red color, cuboid shape, glossy surface give the pepper a special look. The taste of the fruit is excellent: the walls are thick (up to 1 cm), the pulp is tender, unusually juicy. Each pepper weighs about 200 g.
The variety is grown mainly in greenhouse conditions. Peppers ripen after 110 days from the day of sowing. To get an early harvest, it is recommended to grow seedlings. With sowing seed in February-March. The height of an adult bush reaches 100 cm, therefore, in order to accelerate its growth, it is necessary to pay special attention to nitrogen-containing fertilizing in the process of growing a crop. The bush needs a binding garter.
This hybrid is considered one of the best varieties for the climate of the Urals and Siberia. The height of its bush does not exceed 80 cm. The fruits ripen quickly enough - after 110 days from the day of sowing. The yield of the culture, albeit not a record one, but stable - 7 kg / m2... It is these parameters that are collected in an optimal ratio, which allows you to get a tasty harvest of peppers in a greenhouse, regardless of weather conditions. The culture is resistant to a number of diseases.
Peppers "Maria F1" are red, 8 cm long. The shape of the fruit is semi-round, the flesh is 7 mm thick, covered with a thin peel. One fruit weighs an average of 100 g.
The hybrid is characterized by a very early ripening period for the peppers. Already 90 days after sowing, you can enjoy a delicious vegetable. Its color is silvery-white, a little over 10 cm long. The flesh is thick (8 mm), tender. The pepper weighs about 170 g.
It is necessary to grow the variety in a greenhouse, with the placement of bushes of 4-5 pcs per 1 m2 soil. The height of an adult plant reaches 90 cm.With proper care, the hybrid gives off sweet, tasty peppers in a volume of up to 14 kg / m2.
Compact, undersized plant with light yellow fruits. The height of an adult bush is only 50 cm, however, the yield is high - 12 kg / m2... The fruiting period of the culture is short - just over 85 days.
The peppers are cone-shaped. Their length reaches 15 cm, weight 100 g. The pulp of the fruit is distinguished by aroma, juiciness, sweetness. Great for fresh salads, stuffing, canning.
These varieties are not particularly resistant to cold weather, but at the same time they have protection against a number of diseases characteristic of the greenhouse microclimate, which makes it possible to successfully grow crops in protected soils.
Sweet varieties for open ground
The construction of a greenhouse is not always possible, but at the same time, you should not give up the idea of growing peppers in your garden. Indeed, even for harsh climatic conditions, there are special varieties that are resistant to stress and cold. Among such cold-tolerant crops, the following are worth highlighting:
Firstborn of Siberia
A low-growing variety, with a bush height of no more than 45 cm. The crop ripens early enough - after 115 days from the moment of sowing the seed. For growing outdoors, you must first prepare seedlings.
Red and yellow peppers form on the bush at the same time. Their difference is the significant wall thickness - up to 10 mm. The peppers are in the shape of a pyramid with a height of 9 cm.The average weight of a small pepper is 70 g.
The uniqueness of this northern variety is that a small bush up to 60 cm high forms massive, large peppers weighing up to 150 g in a volume of up to 7 kg / m2... It takes no more than 115 days for the fruit to ripen. At the genetic level, the variety is cold-resistant, which allows it to be grown outdoors and not lose crops in the presence of adverse weather conditions.
The taste of the vegetable is amazing: the thick pulp has a bright aroma and sweetness. The thin skin makes the vegetable especially tender.
The Novosibirsk variety was bred by the efforts of Siberian breeders specifically for cultivation in the appropriate climate. The result of their labors was pepper, with a bush height of up to 1m. Its first harvest ripens within 100 days from the moment the seeds are planted.
The peppers themselves are bright red, small, weighing up to 60 g and a wall thickness of just over 6 mm.
These varieties are great for growing outdoors, however, it will be useful to follow some rules:
- a place in the garden, protected from the winds, should be determined;
- use a seedling cultivation method;
- at low temperatures, a film cover should be provided on arcs;
- fertilizing the soil will warm the root system and give the plant the necessary strength and resistance to stress.
In addition to sweet varieties, some gardeners grow hot peppers, some of which are even used for medicinal purposes. They can also be grown in cool climates. Suitable varieties for this are:
It is the fruits of this variety that are used not only in cooking, but also for medical purposes. It is necessary to grow it in the open field, in a seedling way. Plant height is small - up to 70 cm. Peppers ripen in 122 days, however, such a long ripening period, taking into account cold resistance, is not a disadvantage.
Green and red fruits are formed on one bush. Their length is no more than 8 cm, weight is up to 10 g. Pepper is coarse and very sharp, its wall thickness is 1-2 mm.
The fruits of this variety are widely used in the preparation of hot spices and for canning. The pulp of the pepper is semi-sharp, very aromatic. The thickness of the fruit wall is thick (3-4 mm). The weight of one pepper reaches 30 g.
You can grow a crop outdoors or under cover. Plant height up to 75 cm allows you to plant bushes 3-4 pcs / m2... Fruits ripen in 112 days after sowing the seed. The plant bears fruit in a volume of up to 3.5 kg / m2.
The "Lightning" series is perfect for growing in greenhouses. They are presented in three varieties "Lightning golden", "Lightning red", "Lightning black". A photo of these peppers can be seen below.
These varieties have the same agrotechnical characteristics: the fruits ripen in about 95 days, the height of the bush is just over 1 meter, the yield is up to 8 kg / m2... The peppers of the corresponding colors are up to 12 cm long, weigh about 100 g. Their shape is cone-shaped.
You can learn more about the features of growing pepper, the rules of planting and care in the video:
Peppers contain a huge amount of vitamins and minerals. Moreover, the "storehouse of vitamins" can be grown in the garden without much difficulty. Special varieties make it possible to cultivate a plant in a difficult climate, regardless of the presence or absence of a greenhouse. With some effort and following the rules of care, even a novice gardener is able to get a massive harvest of useful peppers in his garden.