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The best varieties of climbing roses: description + photo

The best varieties of climbing roses: description + photo



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Rose has long become an indispensable element of the decor of every garden. Even the most picky and capricious flower lover will find in the variety of cultivars what he will like. This is not surprising, because today there are, according to various sources, from 25 to 50 thousand varieties and hybrids. Perhaps no other flower is distinguished by such a variety. What unites roses is that they are all perennial plants, they bloom beautifully and for a long time, with proper care they can remain on the site for more than two decades. And their phytoncides have a beneficial effect on the physical and mental health of a person.

Roses are babies, the size of which does not exceed 20 cm, and the flower is 1.5 cm, and they can have shoots reaching 6 meters in length, the diameter of the flower in some varieties is 18 cm.They can be grown in the form of a bush or a standard tree from 30 up to 150 cm tall, ground cover or climbing plant. Today our heroine will be a climbing rose, the popularity of which either fades or flares up with renewed vigor. To date, so many beautiful new varieties have been created that it is worth getting to know it better even for those who did not show interest in this variety before. We present to your attention the best varieties of climbing roses with photos.

Climbing roses and their uses

Climbing roses are garden varieties and some types of rose hips that have long, flexible shoots. This is what determines the area of ​​their application in landscape design. In nature, there are no such types of roses that twine around the support like vines, but a person can give them a vertical position with a garter or located in the immediate vicinity of the supports.

It is vertical gardening that is the area where climbing roses can show their beauty to the fullest. They are planted near pergolas, gazebos, arches or special lattices, with the help of trimmings and a garter, they direct the whips in the right direction. Thus, they form truly magnificent blooming small architectural forms designed to decorate our site, and often carrying utilitarian functions. With a wall of blooming roses, we can well protect a gazebo or a resting place from the wind, cover unsightly outbuildings, which in a small area simply cannot be taken away from the living area. With the help of trellises, pergolas, flowering arches, we can even visually enlarge a small area, and divide a large one into zones.

Many climbing rose varieties will look great as a solitaire (single focal plant) when properly formed around a support in the form of a flowering column or a sprawling tall weeping bush. It is they who serve as a fertile material for creating standard roses.

History of the issue

It is now almost impossible to trace the climbing rose varieties back to their wild relatives. This is not surprising, because every modern variety is the result of many years of crossing both between species and within them. In addition, the first cultivars appeared long before our era, many intermediate links are simply lost and now they do not exist in nature. But scientists have identified several species of wild rose hips, which supposedly served as the source material for modern climbing roses. We will give a brief description of them, offer to look at the photos. Perhaps they will impress, and along with the cultivated varieties, a wild species will settle on your site.

Musk Rose

It is a shrub with long, up to 5 meters hanging curving shoots. This rose hips bloom almost continuously with white flowers smelling of honey, 4-5 cm in diameter. It will perfectly fit into a large area in the middle lane.

Evergreen Rose

According to the morphological description, this dog rose is very similar to the previous species, but less winter-hardy.

Multiflora

This wonderful shrub with shoots up to 7 meters long came to Europe from East Asia, where it immediately made a splash. Its small, 1.5-2.0 cm in diameter, pink or white flowers are collected in pyramidal inflorescences and are almost odorless, but the bush looks very decorative, look at the photo. Multiflora is able to cross very easily with other members of the Rosehip genus, it gave rise to many varieties and hybrids.

Plow Rose (Arvenzis)

This rose hip is common in southern Europe. It has a high decorative effect, its long creeping shoots are completely covered with small, jasmine-like flowers. In autumn, the bushes are decorated with numerous small bright red berries.

Rose Banks

This evergreen rose hip is native to Southeast Asia and is only suitable for cultivation in the southern regions. Its shoots reach a length of 10 m, and small white or cream flowers are collected in shields and have a pleasant smell.

Rose Smooth

This East Asian dog rose with slightly leafy flexible shoots up to 5 m long has poor winter hardiness and is very fond of in the United States.

Rose Vihura

The Vihura Rosehip crosses with other species almost as easily as Multiflora. It is a semi-evergreen shrub with very fast, recumbent or creeping stems. Their lashes reach 5 meters in length and are covered with fragrant white flowers up to 5 cm in diameter, collected in clusters of 3-10 pieces.

Steppe Rose or Rose of the Prairie

A resident of North America is able to form dense thickets and blooms with large rose hips, about 5-6 cm in diameter, dark pink flowers collected in a brush.

Climbing roses

Climbing garden roses include two groups that differ in appearance, use in landscaping and maintenance requirements.

Small-flowered climbing roses

This group includes flowers with flexible arcuate rising or creeping shoots up to 5 m long. They definitely need support. Simple or double flowers, small, fragrant, 2-3 cm in diameter, usually collected in a brush. Flowering occurs on last year's shoots. It is one-time, but abundant and long-lasting. Plants of this group have good winter hardiness, but as they move north they require more and more serious shelter.

Large-flowered climbing roses

Unlike the previous one, this group has more powerful stems about 2 m long. Tall and spreading varieties require support, and varieties with powerful erect stems may well do without it. These plants have large, clustered flowers with a diameter of more than 4 cm. New cultivars belonging to this group are very successful. They are quite winter-hardy, moreover, they bloom on the shoots of this year, therefore, flowering will not suffer with some freezing of the stems.

Systematics of climbing roses

The modern official taxonomy of climbing roses is only being formed, since some time ago these varieties lost their popularity and were slightly forgotten about. Now the fashion for them is experiencing an unprecedented takeoff since the second half of the last century. This is due to the emergence of fundamentally new, very beautiful, often re-flowering varieties and hybrids.

Rambler

Rambler are actually the heirs of small-flowered climbing roses. Flexible shoots reach 4-6 meters in length, they are usually formed on ropes, trellises, pergolas and other supports. They bloom on last year's shoots with small simple or double flowers, collected in large inflorescences. Most often, flowering is single, but long and abundant.

Variety "Felicity Perpetu"

The most famous hybrid. Small flowers, whitish-cream with a pink tint, terry color, contained in brushes up to 40 pcs. The rose is disease resistant and does not require much maintenance. Handles some shading well.

Variety "Super Dorothy"

This variety opens buds late, but blooms until frost. Pink flowers are small, collected in a brush of 20-40 pieces.

Variety "Super Excels"

After the plentiful first wave of flowering, the inflorescences of raspberry flowers appear on the bush until the very frost, however, not so abundantly. Grows well in both hot and cool climates.

Roses of Cordes

This group unites numerous varieties of roses bred by the German company V. Cordes. They are by and large an improved version of ramblers and also bloom on last year's shoots. But there are very significant differences:

  • Bushes are more powerful;
  • The length of the shoots is less, only 1.5-3.0 m;
  • The flowers are much larger;
  • Repeated flowering, often before frost.

Sometimes roses of this group are called semi-twisted.

Variety "Quadra"

This variety forms a bush up to 1.8 m in height and 1.0 m in width. Large, up to 8 cm in diameter, collected in 2-4 or single flowers have a bright red color and a fruity aroma. The glass is square. The cultivar is re-blooming, disease resistant, but requires good cover.

Variety "Spring Notes"

Variety of the Crimean selection. It is a bush about 1.7 m high with thin shoots. Flowering - repeated, flowers are simple, large, up to 9 cm in diameter, collected in inflorescences of 6-15 pieces. The variety is resistant to soaking, pests and diseases.

Variety "Ilsa Kron Superior"

It is a beautiful bush up to 2-3 meters high, up to 2 wide. White flowers with a very beautiful elongated glass up to 11 cm in size, double, collected in a brush. It has increased resistance to all unfavorable factors, but requires obligatory support and shaping scraps.

Climbers

Climbers are modern large-flowered climbing roses with thick, stiff stems. Their flowers are large, most often double or semi-double, with beautiful glasses. Repeated flowering, abundant, on the shoots of this year. They are often formed in the form of columns, since it is much easier to tie them to a post than to tie and spread their powerful shoots along a curly support.

Variety "Schwanenzi"

The bush is beautiful, neat, with long sturdy stems. Large double flowers are white, slightly pinkish in the middle, with a magnificent glass and a pleasant aroma. Flowering is abundant throughout the season. Unfortunately, this variety is prone to black spot disease.

Sort "City of York"

A variety characterized by very dense glossy leaves. It has large white semi-double flowers with a pronounced yellow center. Differs in high resistance to diseases and is excellent for creating standard plants.

Variety "Bref of Life"

An incredibly beautiful and popular variety grown in the form of a shrub. The length of the lashes usually does not exceed 2 m. Densely double apricot flowers are suitable for cutting. Unfortunately, the variety is afraid of rain.

Climbings

If you live in central Russia or to the north and want to grow klaymbing, be prepared that you will have to tinker with it like a child - these are the most difficult roses to grow from all existing ones, and they also winter badly. This group is due to the budding mutation of varieties belonging to other groups. Naturally, mutations of hybrid tea varieties and floribunda rose varieties are of the greatest interest. It blooms as many times a year as the original variety on the shoots of this year. In retail chains, when selling kaymbing, they usually put letter designations after the name of the variety, indicating that it is a climbing rose grown from a mutated bud.

Gloria Day variety (Cl HT)

It is this famous hybrid tea rose that has become the most popular klimbing. A large, classic-shaped fragrant glass is very beautiful and constantly changes color during flowering.

Ena Harkness (Tea, Cl.)

Classic hybrid tea red rose. All summer blooms with fragrant double flowers with 26-40 petals.

Variety "Madame Julie Graverax" (ClHT)

An excellent hybrid tea rose that can be peach, red or pink in color. It has large flowers and a very pleasant aroma.

Conclusion

As you can see, modern varieties of climbing roses are very beautiful and can decorate any area. Which of them to choose, how to form and where to place - it's up to you.


Watch the video: Climbing Rose varieties in Pakistan and India - Best Rose Climber varieties in Urdu and Hindi (August 2022).

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