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Veselka Hadrian (Phallus hadriani) is a typical representative of the Veselka genus. The mushroom is named after the Dutch scientist and physician Adrian Junius, who first used the name phallus in relation to the jolly mushroom, presumably to this particular species.
Where Hadrian's fun grows
Merry Hadrian (Adrian) is found on all continents, excluding the pole areas and South America. In European countries, it grows on the territory:
In Asia, it is distributed in China, Japan, Turkey. It is believed that it was brought to Australia from Eurasia. In Russia, the merry Hadrian grows mainly in the south.
The mushroom adapts well to unfavorable conditions, it can grow even on sand dunes, for which it got its second name - dune fun. In different countries, the species is known by the following names:
- Dune Stinkhorn (UK);
- Sromotnik fiołkowy (Poland);
- Homoki szömörcsög (Hungary);
- Hadovka Hadriánova (Slovakia);
- Duinstinkzwam (Netherlands).
Merry Hadriana loves to grow in gardens and parks, in meadows, in deciduous forests. Prefers sandy soil. Fruiting bodies appear singly or in small groups. The fruiting period begins in May and ends in October.
What the fun of Hadrian looks like
At the very beginning of development, the fruiting body of the Hadrian jellyfish is an oblong or spherical egg with a diameter of 4-6 cm, completely or half buried in the ground. The shell of the egg is colored first whitish, and then pink or purple. The intensity of the color increases under unfavorable environmental conditions, for example, in dry and hot weather or with sudden changes in humidity and temperature. If you touch a young mushroom with your hands, darker prints will remain on the shell. In the lower part of the egg there are folds, in the same place there are pinkish strands of mycelium, with which the mushroom is attached to the soil. Inside the shell is a jelly-like mucus that gives off a damp odor.
The jolly Hadrian is in the ovoid form for a long time, but then noticeable changes occur to her. The peridium (egg shell) bursts into 2-3 parts, and a white porous stem with a wrinkled dark cap at the end begins to grow rapidly from it. The mucus at this moment becomes more liquid and, flowing out, helps the release of the fruiting body, which was in a compressed state.
The grown mushroom has a cylindrical recipe with a thickening at the bottom. At the base are the remains of an egg in the form of a pink, gelatinous volva. The leg is hollow inside, its surface is spongy, white, yellowish or creamy. Height - 12-20 cm, diameter - 3-4 cm. At the tip of the recipe, there is a bell-shaped hat 2-5 cm high. The surface of the cap has a pronounced cellular structure, it is covered with mucus on top. The gleb of the fungus is colored olive, as it ripens, it becomes more liquid and acquires a persistent nutty-yeast aroma. There is a whitish hole in the center of the cap.
The smell exuded by the fun attracts flies, beetles, ants, bees and slugs. Some insects feed on spore-containing mucus, promoting the proliferation of spores. Passing through the digestive tract, they are not damaged and come out together with solid waste during bowel movements. Thus, they extend over a decent distance.
Is it possible to eat Hadrian's fun
At the egg stage, the species is edible. Some sources have information about the edibility of Hadrian's jelly in adulthood. Before eating, you just need to wash off the unsightly olive mucus so that the dish does not turn into a swamp color. Refers to conditionally edible.
The flesh of a young mushroom is white and firm. It does not taste good, although in some European countries and China, Hadrian's merry is considered a delicacy.
Benefits and harm to the body
Official research on the medicinal properties of Hadrian's jelly has not been carried out, since the mushroom is quite rare. In terms of action on the human body, it is similar to the common jolly (Phallus impudicus), which is used for:
- kidney disease;
- pain in the abdomen.
As a medicine, alcohol and water tinctures from fresh and dried fruit bodies are used. In ancient times, the mushroom was used to enhance libido. In folk medicine, for the purpose of prevention and as an auxiliary agent, mushrooms of the Phallus genus are used:
- to lower cholesterol levels;
- to stabilize the pressure;
- with diseases of the cardiovascular system;
- during the rehabilitation period after strokes and heart attacks;
- with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract;
- with oncological diseases;
- to enhance immunity;
- to normalize hormonal levels;
- as a healing agent for skin diseases;
- with mental and nervous disorders.
The use of jokes is contraindicated in case of individual intolerance, during pregnancy and lactation, as well as in childhood.
Warning! Before starting treatment with mushroom tincture, you need to consult with your doctor.
Merry Hadrian is very similar to its closest relative, the common jaunt (Phallus impudicus). The twin is a conditionally edible species with good palatability, and is eaten in an embryonic egg-like form and immediately after germination. From Hadrian, an ordinary jellyfish is distinguished by a white or creamy egg shell and a putrid smell emanating from mature fruit bodies.
The inedible dog Mutinus is similar to the species described in the article. It can be identified by its yellowish stalk and red-brick tip, which quickly becomes covered with swampy brown spore-bearing mucus. Ripe canine mutinuses exude the foul odor of carrion to attract insects.
Like other mushrooms, Hadrian's jokes must be collected away from industrial enterprises, landfills, highways and other objects that negatively affect the environment. Young unopened specimens are suitable for collection. The mushroom picker must be completely sure of the species of the found mushrooms.
The pulp of young veselocks can be eaten fried, however, a large number of fruit bodies will be needed for cooking, since the edible part is extremely small. Some mushroom lovers pick Hadrian's ripe jokes, but get rid of the hats right away.
Veselka Hadrian is an interesting and unusual in shape mushroom, which by its appearance can drive some impressionable natures into paint, it is not for nothing that many peoples call him a shameful person. The mushroom is quite rare, and if you find it in the forest, it is better to limit yourself to a short admiration and photograph as a keepsake.