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Dill Superdukat OE is a high-yielding variety of greens, contains a complex of minerals and vitamins necessary for a person during the period of vitamin deficiency. Dill is considered one of the most popular herbs among cooks and housewives. Taste and medicinal properties are appreciated by ordinary consumers. The varietal diversity is so wide that differences in species are noticeable only after independent cultivation. The cultivation technology is simple and does not require much effort if the greens grow in comfortable conditions.
Description of dill Superdukat
The fragrant variety was bred by Danish scientists, then, after being imported to Russia, it was included in the State Register from 1973 for growing personal subsidiary plots. The ripe Superdukat has a characteristic green color with a turquoise sheen that creates a light waxy coating throughout the plant. The stem grows up to 80-120 cm. The diameter of the inflorescence is 25 cm, bright yellow in color with a tangible fragrant odor. The growing season lasts 90-110 days. The leaves are elongated - 18-20 cm, after cutting they do not fade for a long time. When tasting, you can feel the delicate taste, juiciness and aroma of greens.
Dill Superdukat is approved for cultivation in the Central, North Caucasian and Ural regions of the country. The mass of an adult plant is 50-150 g. The root system is located in the upper layers of the soil - 15-20 cm. Judging by the reviews, Superdukat OE dill does not grow on soils close to the surface of groundwater. The variety is of medium ripening, so the greens develop quickly before flowering and do not decrease in quantity.
After fully ripening, the umbrellas are cut off, the seeds are dried and used as a seasoning for dishes, and oils are squeezed out. The greens will continue to grow until the roots are removed or the temperature drops dramatically. Dill is dried for the winter, consumed raw. The juice is used as a diuretic or headache medicine. Among other things, this and other varieties quickly reduce blood pressure in case of emergency.
From the moment of planting to harvesting the first harvest, 1.5-2 months pass. Productivity of ground greenery from 1 sq. m is 2-2.5 kg, seeds - 150-200 g. The content of essential oils in green dill is from 0.8 to 1.5% per wet weight, in seeds up to 7%. The yield is influenced by the weather conditions of planting and growing, the microclimate, if dill is grown in a greenhouse. Seeds planted in April cannot tolerate temperatures below -7 ° C. In the shade, the dill variety Superdukat yields less than in the sun. Greens may not germinate when carrots, celery or parsley were previously grown at the planting site. The yield will be small if the variety is grown in a container where the wall height is below 25 cm.
Dill Superdukat is moderately resistant to pests and diseases. The plant is difficult to tolerate all forms of powdery mildew, rust, black leg, fusarium and phomosis. Dangerous pests for greenery:
- dill moth;
- striped shield bug;
- carrot fly.
When carrying out preventive spraying with chemicals, the plant will not be heavily attacked by insects. When grown in greenhouse, Superdukat is practically not resistant to drafts and powdery mildew. The climate of the region affects not only the yield of the plant. The growth of dill stops at 30-50 cm in planting regions with a high humidity coefficient. Drought resistance is high, but do not forget about regular watering, which contributes to an increase in branching.
Advantages and disadvantages
Based on the description of the dill variety Superdukat OE and reviews of summer residents who grow greens not only for home use, we can highlight the special qualities of the plant:
- flexible stem - does not break with strong gusts of wind, does not fall after rain;
- high tolerance to diseases;
- the presence of useful micro and macro elements;
- aroma before and after harvest;
- attractive presentation;
- seed germination after harvesting lasts up to 3-4 years;
- versatility of application.
Disadvantages of the Superdukat OE variety:
- greens should not be consumed by patients with low blood pressure;
- excessive use provokes the appearance of migraines, drowsiness;
- improper storage conditions reduce the shelf life of dill, and the presentation is lost.
Important! It is enough to know the characteristics of your own body and observe the storage conditions of the product in order to prevent the appearance of dizziness or mold under the cling film.
Planting and caring for dill Superdukat OE
First, the preparation of the seeds is done, then the site is prepared for planting. Seeds planted in moist soil germinate up to 90% of all planting material. Dill is checked for germination: seeds are spread with a thin layer on wet gauze, then covered with a napkin soaked in a diluted solution of stimulants. Add water if necessary. On days 2-3, the first shoots appear, which determine the percentage of total germination. Before planting, the seeds are exposed to the sun so that the material warms up well.
The place for planting dill Superdukat should be spacious, without shadows. It is good if melons or cucumbers previously grew on the site. In terms of quality, black soil, loam or a light substrate of clay and sand are suitable. The soil is dug up several times so that the soil is loose, well saturated with oxygen. For the Superdukat variety, ditches with a blunt top are made, on which furrows are drawn. The seeds are planted one at a time at a close distance, although most gardeners do not make irrigation ditches and plant dill in continuous sowing.
The optimal time for planting is early April, before winter. After the established above-zero temperature, the seeds are planted to a depth of 1-2 cm. In the second case, the dill is planted 4 cm deep. Seeds are sown every 10-15 days in order to use fresh Superdukat for a long period. The row spacing should maintain a distance of 20-30 cm. Immediately after planting, the dill is watered from a watering can.
Important! Watering should be timely, but not plentiful, otherwise the plant will not grow, the roots will rot.
Care of seedlings and adult dill Superdukat consists of watering, thinning the beds and loosening the soil. Superdukat is watered daily in hot climates and 2-3 times a week under normal conditions. For 1 sq. m planted seeds when watering leaves up to 10-20 liters of water. Usually, a watering can is used for irrigation, or the process can be automated by installing lawn sprayers on the site.
After rooting, weeding is done. For root safety, it is best to work without garden tools. A young Superdukat easily breaks out, so weeding is done 2.5 weeks after planting. Weed removal is done at every opportunity, although once a week will be enough.
When the dill is fully rooted, the Superdukat begins to loosen. Using a small garden rake, loosen the soil 5 cm deep. So the established crust after watering will better allow oxygen to pass through, the dill will quickly grow. When loosening, you should be careful, because the slightest damage to the roots can lead to the death of the plant. When the sown dill has risen, and the beds are very thickened, thinning is carried out. Dill Superdukat will quickly bloom and plant greenery after removing weak plants.
Compost, nettle infusion, potassium and phosphorus minerals are suitable as fertilizers. Top dressing is done before planting, then during the flowering of dill Superdukat. In case of poor growth, the plants are re-fertilized. For example, if the yellowness of the bush or dry branches are noticeable, the wilted greens are watered with urea at the rate of 1 tsp. 10 liters of water with a small admixture of manure or compost.
Diseases and pests
The disease or appearance of a pest is determined by the nature of the damage to the dill. Based on the description of the resistance of the Superdukat dill variety to diseases and parasites, the most dangerous for it are aphids, rust, powdery mildew, black leg. If the aphid infects the plant completely, and the dill can be saved by spraying with pesticides, then only the complete removal of the greenery helps from the black leg. At the initial stage of the appearance of the fungus, the foundationol solution helps.
With powdery mildew, Superdukat becomes covered with a whitish bloom, which is removed by spraying with a 2% sulfur solution on a bucket of water. Signs of rust are immediately noticeable - brown spots on the stem and umbrellas of dill. Superdukat will protect from fungus a diluted solution of copper sulfate and slaked lime: 10 liters, 1 tbsp. l each of the components. Fusarium wilt often occurs: the leaves turn yellow, then wither and the dill dies.
Important! Fungicide treatment is carried out once a month and 20 days before harvest.
The dill moth, like the striped bug, affects dill umbrellas and foliage. Superdukat withers, inflorescences are covered with rusty spots, cocoons of larvae are visible on the stems. Eliminate the infection gradually: spray it once a week with a weakly concentrated solution of sulfur and copper sulfate. Sometimes caterpillars, goose bumps or slugs attack young greens, then the roots of the plant are sprinkled with dust.
Dill Superdukat OE is the most popular variety among the planted greenery on the site. Providing comfortable growing conditions, the gardener will receive a high-quality and juicy harvest. The cultivation technology is quite simple and does not require professional skills of an agronomist.
Reviews about dill Superdukat
Karimova Natalia Igorevna, 40 years old, Pskov
I grow dill Superdukat annually and in large quantities. On our black soil I plant only in a superficial way: a pinch of seeds and sprinkle it with earth. After a week, I sow and water every day. Before sprouting, I cover the beds with lutrasil so that the seeds and fertilizers are not blown out. I do top dressing only with compost at the time of planting. Often attacked by aphids and caterpillars, but the husband quickly eliminates them with the usual Colorado or nettle infusion. After harvesting, the seeds must be dried in the sun under gauze, and I canned and store the dill in the cellar.
Lukyanenko Irina Olegovna, 27 years old, Zelenogorsk
What varieties did I plant. Among the favorites is the Alligator, but I especially like to grow a fragrant and juicy Superdukat. I land before winter, because in the spring it is not always possible to get out to the dacha. We do not have drought, so I water it once a week until flowering. Dill grows without diseases, the greens are large and juicy. Sometimes I make preparations, but basically the harvest is quickly spent on salting and second courses. I recommend the excellent and good Superdukat dill for annual planting. It grows even on our moderately acidic soil, which distinguishes it from other varieties.