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Flower of Buddle David or variable (Buddléja davídii) - a plant belonging to the genus Buddleya and the Norian family. Planting, as well as the subsequent maintenance of a decorative crop in the open ground, do not require much effort. To maintain attractiveness for a long time, you need to know the botanical features and choose the right variety.
Buddley David: botanical features of the plant
The average height of deciduous shrubs varies between two to three meters. The foliage is oval-lanceolate, with a characteristic sharpening on the end part. The average leaf length is 25 cm. The most popular are white-flowered varieties. "Alba"and "White Profession"varieties with purple flowers Empire Blue and Black Knightas well as varieties with red flowers Royal Red and "Harlequin".
Flowers of small sizes, up to one and a half centimeters in diameter, collected in spike-type inflorescences. The length of the inflorescence can be 35-40 cm. Subject to the cultivation technology and proper care, the decorative culture perfectly survives in the garden not only in the Moscow Region, but also in the Urals and Siberia.
Buddley: types and varieties of shrubs
Over the past century, more than a hundred species of buddley have been bred, including not only cultivars, but also hybrid forms. Despite the fact that it is not too difficult to take care of such decorative shrubs, the choice of variety and hybrid must be approached very responsibly.
Species and varieties
Species and varietal characteristics
Not too hardy variety. The deciduous shrub blooms with a pale lilac color, which is why it was called "autumn lilac" by gardeners. Inflorescences have a pleasant almond flavor
Shrub plant is characterized by early spring flowering. Inflorescences have a pronounced spherical shape. Orange-yellow flowers. Shelter for the winter is required
Deciduous type of shrub with attractive snow-white cone-shaped inflorescences. In autumn you need to provide a reliable shelter for the culture
Purple or Santana
A fast-growing shrub plant with voluminous inflorescences and a large volume of green mass. It is characterized by long flowering, after which it forms small and numerous seeds. Foliage has a decorative yellow border
The standard width of the bush is one and a half meters with a height of not more than a couple of meters. Flowering occurs in the period from early July to November. The purple-pink color of the inflorescences has a very pleasant honey aroma, which attracts a large number of pollinating insects
Shrub species with a height of more than one and a half meters, with yellowish-orange small flowers collected in spherical inflorescences. The flowers have a pleasant honey aroma. Foliage lanceolate or elliptic, with pubescence on the inside
Lilac variety popular among gardeners. This is an intensively growing and thermophilic shrub with beautiful, lush racemose inflorescences reaching a length of 40-60 cm. Unpretentious, but in most areas you need to shelter for the winter
Deciduous ornamental shrub plant with a high level of winter hardiness and good growth rate. It has tetrahedral, spreading shoots. The height of the aerial part is three meters. The foliage is narrowed at the base with a point on the ends. The leaves are serrated, opposite. The flowers are pale lilac, in relatively long inflorescences.
A height of just over three meters, with intense staining of inflorescences. The foliage is long, with a slight thickening in the central part. On the back, a sheet plate of a felt type, whitish
It is characterized by the presence of fleecy white pubescence covering the inflorescences, foliage, and also shoots. Formed inflorescences have a lilac color. In appearance, the inflorescences are similar to small "panicles", the length of which reaches 15 cm
Differs in long and very plentiful flowering before the onset of frost. Large-sized flowers, the colors of sangria with the original silver tint. Tall and powerful shrub is not demanding in maintenance, reaches three meters in height and width
Buddley: planting and care in the open ground
You can plant a plant both in spring and in the early autumn, but the first option is more preferable, due to botanical and species characteristics. Almost all varieties are quite easily and quickly adapted to growing conditions., and with proper care and compliance with growing technology, such a shrub will delight the gardener for a long time.
Optimal conditions for growing buddley and choosing a place for planting
For planting and growing a buddley, an optimal place would be a very well-lit part of the garden. Culture needs to provide good shelter from gusts of wind. The plant prefers drained and well-moistened soils.
It grows well on almost any type of soil, but the fastest growth and abundant flowering can be obtained when planting in the "light", moist soil with neutral acidity. If necessary, in the process of digging, you need to add compost and any mineral fertilizers or wood ash and phosphorus-potassium fertilizers.
Buddley: landing and care
Seat preparation and landing technology
Young shrub plants are characterized by a fairly high growth rate, therefore it is recommended to plant a decorative culture with a distance of one meter. With a denser planting, the plant often suffers from insufficient lighting and lack of nutrients.
Preparation of landing pits should be dealt with in advance. The dimensions of the planting pit must necessarily be slightly larger than the volume of the root system of the planted ornamental plant, which will ensure a high-quality drainage layer for the culture.
At the bottom of the pit, you need to fill in the middle fraction with crushed stone or brick fight, after which a nutritious soil mixture is poured with the addition of complex fertilizers. The buddy root system is plunged into a well-tucked landing pit and filled with soil. The root neck must be located at ground level. After planting, abundant watering is performed.
Watering and feeding
Irrigation measures need to be carried out on dry days. Watering should be moderate, which will prevent waterlogging of the soil. Any nitrogen-containing fertilizers are very beneficial for the growth of the buddley. It is recommended to feed decorative plants in the early spring, at the stage of active recovery after a long winter.
The second top dressing is necessarily carried out in mid-July, at the stage of shoot ripening. At this time, it is important to apply potassium-phosphorus fertilizing. Such a composition will allow you to get lush inflorescences. In the summer, it is allowed to apply organic fertilizers in the form of humus or compost with the addition of a small amount of ordinary wood ash.
Propagation by cuttings
It is easy enough to propagate a decorative culture by cuttings. This reproduction allows you to get a highly decorative plant in the shortest possible time and while maintaining varietal characteristics. You can cut the shoots on purpose or use the material after pruning. The standard length of the handle should be approximately 15-20 cm. For this method of reproduction, not only green young shoots are well suited, but also already lignified mature branches that cut off in the autumn and remain in the cold until spring.
Young green cuttings cut in the spring can be planted immediately in the soil after removal of the lower buds and treatment in a solution based on growth stimulants. It is recommended to deepen planting material no more than three to five centimeters. It is necessary to cover the planting with plastic wrap, which is removed only after the formation of new shoots on the cuttings. As a rule, the rooting process takes a couple of months, subject to a favorable temperature regime and comfortable humidity indicators.
How to sow a buddha
Buddy pruning technology
Proper pruning will help keep the bush healthy and decorative. The method of trimming depends on the species and varietal features. In the first year in spring, you need to remove all weak shoots, as well as shorten the main branches, which will help to properly form the basis of low skeletal branches. Over the next few years, spring pruning is carried out at the level of already formed skeletal branches. All growth for the previous year should be cut off, but it is necessary to leave two or three pairs of kidneys.
Be sure to shorten by 75% all young shootsforming on the bottom of the crown. On fully formed bushes, all dried up and old shoots, as well as unproductive skeletal branches, are subject to annual removal. With the help of a garden pruner, blooming flowers are cut. When grown in regions with strong and gusty winds, in the autumn, a third of annual growth is shortened.
Winter shelter for buddley
In most regions, you need to grow a buddha with the use of shelter for the winter. Winter shelter should be done in October or November, after the foliage of the plant turns black. On a dry and sunny day, it is necessary to carry out the hilling of the decorative perennial with dry soil to the third or fourth bud, and then trim the shoots at a height of a quarter meter. After earthing up, the aboveground part is necessarily covered by spruce spruce branches and a wooden structure covered with a usual roofing material or fiberglass. In the spring, it is very important to remove the shelter in a timely manner, which will minimize the risk of aging.
Buddley David: growing a bush from seeds
Many amateur gardeners prefer to plant deciduous decorative crops with seeds. As a rule, growing from seeds is straightforward. Fine seed should be mixed with sandthen sow over a loose soil with a neutral reaction.
Seedling boxes with drainage holes are filled with nutrient mixture. Seeds need to be gently pressed to the soil surface, and then spray the crops with room temperature water from the spray gun and cover with polyethylene. The optimum temperature for germination is 22-25 ºC. Sowing is carried out in the early spring. The resulting seedlings are planted in individual seedlings.
Buddley: features of planting and care in the suburbs, Siberia and the Urals
In the middle lane of our country, as well as in regions with less favorable soil and climatic conditions, including Siberia and the Urals, it is necessary to more closely observe the cultivation technology.
In such areas, winter shelter of the aerial parts of the ornamental bush is a prerequisite for cultivation. Particular attention should be paid to prevention and not only timely pruning shoots already affected by pathogenic microflora, but also to treat the plant with modern insecticides.
How to crop buddley
Buddley has become very popular with domestic amateur gardeners due to its unusually beautiful and fragrant flowers that can decorate any bouquet. Among other things, the decorative culture is perfect for decorating a home garden, which is highly appreciated by landscape designers.